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Extractivism is the activity of extracting from nature the resources available to man, whether these are products of animal, vegetable or mineral origin, such as metals, rocks, oil, natural gas, among others.
It is considered the oldest human activity, preceding agriculture, livestock and industry. Extractivism is practiced worldwide through the ages by all societies.
The process employed for this activity depends on the level of development of the productive forces. Currently, resource exploitation means that there is virtually no area of the planet that is not exploited in one form or another.
There are different types of extractivism, with emphasis on the following:
- Animal Extractivism
- Plant Extractivism
- Mineral Extraction
From now on, we will study each of them.