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Military of Rio de Janeiro (1803-1880). He headed the Brazilian forces in the Paraguayan War and received from the emperor Dom Pedro II the greatest title of nobility given to a Brazilian.
Luís Alves de Lima e Silva (25/8 / 1803-7 / 5/1880) is born in Vila do Porto da Estrela, in a military family. He is declared a cadet at 5 years old. In 1823, at the age of 20, he participated in the campaign for recognition of independence in Bahia as a lieutenant. Promoted captain, he leads the Brazilian front line in the Cisplatina War in 1825. He is named major and leads the emperor's battalion until 1831. In 1840 he fights against the central government resistance in Maranhão and Piauí. In reward for the pacification of the two provinces, he is elevated to the rank of brigadier and receives the title of Baron of Caxias. As commander of the Court's Weapons, he represses the Liberal Revolution of 1842 in Sao Paulo and Minas Gerais and directs imperial troops against the Farrapos Revolt. In 1845, Dom Pedro II nominated him to the Senate for Rio Grande do Sul. He led the Army troops in the Platinum Wars in 1851 and then held the Presidency of the Gaucho Province. In 1866 he heads the Brazilian forces in the Paraguayan War and conquers Asuncion in 1869. In the same year he received the title of Duke of Caxias. Dies in the city of Barão de Juparanã, in Rio de Janeiro.