The story

Woolworth Building


The Woolworth Building, which towers 60 stories and 792 feet above Broadway between Park Place and Barclay Street in downtown Manhattan, was the tallest building in the world when it was completed, in 1913. Financed in cash by the five-and-dime millionaire Frank W. Woolworth and designed by architect Cass Gilbert, the building won widespread acclaim for its pioneering steel-frame structure and stunning interior and exterior appearance. Though it is no match in height for later skyscrapers such as the Empire State Building (1930), the Woolworth Building was regarded as a model of construction for years, and remains a favorite sight on the New York City skyline.

Building the World’s Tallest Building

Retailer Frank W. Woolworth commissioned his namesake building in 1910, a year after the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company moved into their 700-foot tower on Madison Square, just a block away from the triangle-shaped Flatiron Building. The Metropolitan Life Tower had become the world’s tallest building at that time, having taken over that title from the New York headquarters of the Singer Sewing Machine Company, completed in 1908.

Like the builders of the Singer and Met Life towers before him, Woolworth wanted his new building to be the tallest in the world. He worked closely with his architect, Cass Gilbert, during construction to ensure the achievement of this goal; as a result, the total cost of building the tower expanded from $5 million to around $13.5 million. Woolworth financed the project in cash, with no loans or help from developers; this gave him an unusual degree of freedom in its design and construction.

Design and Construction

Gilbert, who trained at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and worked briefly at the prestigious New York firm McKim, Mead and White, had attracted national attention for his work designing the Minnesota state capitol in St. Paul. He and Woolworth decided on a Beaux-Arts design with ornate Gothic detail, reflecting Woolworth’s vision of himself as a descendant of the great medieval merchants of the past. Construction, which was completed in 1913, set a record for speed, foreshadowing the high-speed skyscraper building projects of the early 1930s, including the Empire State Building.

The massive base of the Woolworth Building stretched over a full block on Broadway between Park Place and Barclay Street, across from what is now City Hall Park. Built over a steel frame, the slender tower emerging above drew nearly universal acclaim, and the entire design became a model for skyscrapers that would come after it. In addition to its stunning white terracotta façade with subtle colored accents, the Woolworth Building won raves for its luxurious interior finishings, including a cathedral-like lobby with mosaics, sculpture and a gold-decked ceiling. Open to the public for years, the lobby was decorated with vivid caricatures of the frugal Woolworth counting his dimes, and Gilbert holding a model of the building in his arms.

A Manhattan Landmark

As part of a lavish opening ceremony on April 24, 1913, President Woodrow Wilson pressed a button in the White House that lit up the interior floors and exterior floodlights (a new innovation at the tine) of the Woolworth Building, so that the entire façade was illuminated. Also at this ceremony, Reverend C. Parkes Cadman gave the building its enduring nickname: the “Cathedral of Commerce.” In fact, Woolworth headquarters only occupied a floor and a half of the completed building; the owner hoped to make a profit by renting out the rest. Among the building’s groundbreaking features, apart from the exterior lighting, were its water supply system and its high-speed electric elevators, which offered both local and express service. In addition to offices, the Woolworth Building contained a shopping arcade, health club, barber shop, restaurant and social club.

At 792 feet and 60 stories, the Woolworth Building was not only the tallest building in the world in 1913, but the second-tallest structure, after the Eiffel Tower in Paris. It would remain the world’s tallest building for 17 years, until the nearby tower at 40 Wall Street was completed; the Chrysler Building (1930) and the Empire State Building (1931) later dwarfed both. Made a National Historic Landmark in 1966, the Woolworth Building is still one of the 50 tallest buildings in the United States and one of the 20 tallest in New York City. It remains a popular sight on the New York City skyline, although its observation deck, once open to the public, closed in the mid-20th century.


What’s It Woolworth?: A Brief History of the Iconic Woolworth Building

W hen retail boss Frank W. Woolworth commissioned the construction of the Woolworth Building in 1910, he reserved an entire floor for his office and built a private pool in the basement, where he would swim every morning.

Now, the upper half of the 792-foot-tall skyscraper—which was briefly the tallest in the world—is becoming condos. Woolworth’s former office is now a full-floor, five-bedroom model apartment with an asking price of $20 million. Alchemy Properties has spent the last two years transforming the top 29 stories of the 58-story building into 33 apartments, after purchasing those floors from Witkoff Group and Cammeby’s for $68 million in 2012. The building’s pale green pinnacle, which once served as a public observation deck and more recently housed a dentist’s office, is now up for sale as a $110 million penthouse unit with 22-foot ceilings and a 400-square-foot outdoor deck. The 9,710-square-foot apartment is still raw space, awaiting a buyer with the cash, “creativity and vision” to build it out however he or she wants, according to Alchemy Properties President Ken Horn.

The public observation deck drew 100,000 visitors a year starting in 1916, as the Observer reported in 2015. “For 50 cents, visitors could ascend by express elevator to the 54th floor and board a shuttle elevator worthy of a Jules Verne fantasy—encased in a cylindrical glass shaft and encircled by a spiral stairway—which pierced the gloomy space inside the pyramidal summit,” David Dunlap wrote in The New York Times in 1999.

Woolworth’s former pool in the basement is being renovated into a salt water pool with a whirlpool tub, sauna and massage room. For most of its existence, it was a Jack LaLanne Fitness Club. By 1999, the pool had been drained and abandoned.

The building’s lower 28 floors, however, will remain offices, as they have been since the building opened in 1913. Frank Woolworth, who built an empire of five-and-dime and department stores, began planning the building as a headquarters for the Woolworth Corporation in 1910. He originally envisioned it as a “modest” office building and bank for Irving National Bank, which was co-sponsoring the development of the structure at 233 Broadway, between Park Place and Barclay Street, according to a Landmarks Preservation Commission report on the property. But it evolved into the tallest building in the world and retained that title until the Chrysler Building opened in 1929. The Thompson-Starrett Company won the contract to build the 58-story tower and broke ground in April 1910. The firm was a pioneer of early skyscraper construction and built a number of historic projects, including the Equitable Building, the American Stock Exchange, the Manhattan Municipal Building and the New York State Pavilion at the 1964 World’s Fair in Queens.

When the Woolworth Building opened in April 1913, it joined the ranks of a few early New York City skyscrapers that had been built with then-new steel frame construction, which included the Flatiron Building, the now-demolished Singer Building and the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower. Architect Cass Gilbert designed a neo-Gothic, brick-and-terra-cotta high-rise with a barber shop, power plant, doctor’s office, restaurant and, of course, a marble-lined swimming pool. A speaker at the building’s grand opening famously dubbed it “the cathedral of commerce.” And indeed, the three-story-high arched lobby features two frescoes, titled “Commerce” and “Labor,” glass mosaic windows, marble busts of Gilbert and Woolworth, and walls and floors made of marble imported from Italy and Greece.

Despite the property’s opulent beginnings, its grandeur eventually faded. The Woolworth Corporation sold the 932,000-square-foot building to Witkoff Group and Cammeby’s in 1999 for the relative bargain price of $126.5 million, The Times reported at the time. They spent $30 million renovating the exterior and lobby and upgrading the mechanical systems. The top 25 floors of the building were emptied of tenants as the developers debated whether they wanted to convert the floors to luxury apartments or a hotel. They remained vacant for nearly a decade until Alchemy purchased them and converted them to condos. The first residents moved in earlier this year.

“We didn’t break these [floors] up into cookie cutter units,” said Horn. “We were true to the architecture. The renovation is true to the architecture and the size of the units are grand, which is the way the Woolworth Building should be.”


The Woolworth Building. History.

The Woolworth Building, at fifty-seven stories, is one of the oldest — and one of the most famous — skyscrapers in New York City. More than ninety years after its construction, it is still one of the fifty tallest buildings in the United States as well as one of the twenty tallest buildings in New York City. The building is a National Historic Landmark, having been listed in 1966.

Constructed in neo-Gothic style by architect Cass Gilbert, who was commissioned by Frank Woolworth in 1910 to design the new corporate headquarters on Broadway, between Park Place and Barclay Street in Lower Manhattan, opposite City Hall, the Woolworth Building opened on April 24, 1913. Originally planned to be 625 feet (190.5 meters) high, in accordance with the area zoning laws, the building was elevated to 792 feet (241 meters) construction cost was US$13,500,000 and Woolworth paid in cash.

With splendor and a resemblance to European Gothic cathedrals, the structure was labeled the Cathedral of Commerce by the Reverend S. Parkes Cadman during the opening ceremony. The tallest building in the world until the construction of 40 Wall Street and the Chrysler Building in 1930, an observation deck on the 58th floor attracted visitors until 1945.

Owned by the Woolworth company for 85 years until 1998, when the Venator Group (formerly the F.W. Woolworth Company) sold the building to the Witkoff Group for $155 million.

After the September 11, 2001 attacks a few blocks away, the building was without electricity and telephone service for a few weeks but suffered no significant damage.


A History of the Woolworth Building

The Woolworth Building is one of New York’s greatest landmarks. Its beautiful and unique structure makes it integral to the Lower Manhattan skyline. Its location at 233 Broadway in Manhattan used to position it right between the Twin Towers when looking at it from the south.

Frank Woolworth commissioned architect Cass Gilbert to create a corporate headquarters for the F. W. Woolworth Company in 1910. Ironically, the company only wound up occupying one and a half of the building’s 57 floors.

Completed in 1913, the gothic building became known as the “Cathedral of Commerce” due to its church-like architecture and its financial tenants. Irving National Bank was the building’s primary tenant until 1931. Rev. S. Parkes Cadman is credited with coining the phrase not long after the building opened.

Woolworth had seen Gilbert’s work in other downtown structures and asked him to help create this most ornate building. The exterior, although originally made of terra cotta cladding is now primarily concrete due to repairs completed since the 1970s.

Standing at 792 feet tall, the Woolworth Building was the tallest building in the world for 17 years. It was replaced as the tallest building by 40 Wall Street, which only held the title for 2 months before the Chrysler Building was completed in 1930. Today, it is one of the 20 tallest buildings in New York City and one of the 50 tallest in the United States.

Woolworth wanted his building to be a modern marvel and he succeeded. At the time, the elevators in the building were the fastest ever built. He also added the feature of the tapered shaft so that if the elevator ever fell it would be cushioned by air resistance instead of free falling down the chute.

Woolworth and Gilbert became innovators when adding self-sustaining heating, cooling, water supply, and fire protection to the building. One of the unique fire protection measures was the swimming pool drain that lead to the fire system so the water could be used to extinguish fires. There was also electrical power generation. It was the first building to ever have its own power plant. The final cost of construction was $13.5 million. That would be equivalent to $323.8 million today!

The building opened on April 24, 1913 with a unique flourish. President Woodrow Wilson turned on the lights for the building’s inauguration by pressing a button located in the White House. It is believed that this button signaled a bell to be rung in the engineers’ quarters in the basement of the building.

This superb building was given historical landmark status in 1966. This means the building cannot be demolished, as it is a vital part of our nation’s heritage. This distinction also brings challenges to any renovations made on the building. In 2012, plans were made to turn the upper floors of the historic building into residences. These homes will all have traditional aspects in keeping with the building’s original style. There will be 34 luxury condos between the 29 th and 57 th floors. One, two, and three bedroom options will be available beginning in July 2016. Prices vary from $3.875 million for a one bedroom to upwards of $110 million for the penthouse. Frank Woolworth’s original desk has been restored and will serve as the reception desk for the residences’ lobby on the 29 th floor.

There is really nothing else quite like the Woolworth building in New York and if you’re looking to own a part of history, now you know where to look.


100 Historic Photos of the Century-Old Woolworth Building


As the Woolworth Building turns a hefty 100 years old today?kudos are in order, by the way, on making it this far?do peruse an appropriately numbered selection of 100 images depicting this undeniably iconic part of our cityscape. (We know it's a lot to click through, but trust us, it's worth it.) In the gallery, expect to scroll past photographs, drawings, aerial shots, etchings, renderings, close-ups, blueprints, postcards, and watercolors. For it seems that after Woolworth's doors opened in 1913, everyone wanted to capture its distinctive green tower, its ornamented neo-Gothic terracotta facade, and, most of all, the way it simply towered over every other structure on the skyline until 40 Wall Street, that saucy minx, went up in 1930 and wrenched away The Big W's superlative title as the tallest building in the world.

Five-and-dime store tycoon Frank Woolworth very much wanted to make a statement about both his massive fortune and ideals like the American Dream (and, sure, American supremacy) via this groundbreaking building, enlisting architect Cass Gilbert with the explicit intention to build the tallest skyscraper in the world. By the numbers: the 57-story, 792-foot goliath took three years to build and cost $13.5 million (in 1913 dollars, which Woolworth paid in cash). There were banks there were offices with views and businessmen and stenographers. There was, of course, a swanky restaurant for the power lunches of yore. Don't forget about the murals, gargoyles and gold leaf. And the pool!

With residential condos headed for the top of the building next year that are bound to top the charts in asking price, to this day the building deserves its moniker as a Cathedral of Commerce. Sure, there are other buildings turning 100 this year, like that train station on 42nd Street. But today is all about the W. (For more, the Skyscraper Museum has an exhibition, "Woolworth @ 100," on view till July 14, with another show about the year 1913 at the New-York Historical Society set for this fall.)

Since we recently got a rare peek at the ground-floor interior as it stands now?still a stunner?it only makes sense to look back, way back, on this landmark anniversary. That is, until its next chapter begins.
· Woolworth Building coverage [Curbed]


World’s Tallest

Figure 2. Woolworth Building Under Construction

Gilbert utilized the most advanced steel-frame construction techniques of the time allowing the Woolworth to soar 57 stories to 792 feet—the world’s tallest building until 1930.

In contrast to the relative horizontality of Chicago skyscrapers and the sharp divisions between base and tower of earlier New York skyscrapers like the Singer Building (1908), every aspect of the Woolworth’s composition and decoration is oriented up, creating a continuous vertical thrust.

The tower sits flush on the Broadway side of the large V-shaped block that contains City Hall Park. This means you can view Woolworth from a distance and see its full height with an unobstructed view, rare in such a densely built area. The result is that the tower seems to move endlessly upwards. The building’s white-glazed terra-cotta tiles accentuate the piers that run from base to top with few interruptions from cornices or the window spandrels.

Figure 3. Detail of the terra cotta on the Woolworth Building.


Cass Gilbert, Woolworth Building

Given the colossal buildings that now cover downtown Manhattan, it can be hard to understand just how distinctive Cass Gilbert’s Woolworth Building appeared in relation to the skyline when it was new, one hundred years ago.

Skyscrapers emerged in Chicago the 1880s as a way to concentrate commercial office functions within the limited space downtown. New engineering technologies like safety elevators and steel-frames allowed Chicago’s buildings to stretch across massive city blocks and rise to ten or twelve stories high. In New York after the turn of the century, a second generation of skyscrapers translated the Chicago School’s innovations into an entirely different, even more monumental aesthetic. The Woolworth, standing on Broadway at the southwest corner of City Hall Park, is a key example of the New York style that developed in the first decades of the twentieth century.

Frank Woolworth conceived of his new corporate headquarters as the ultimate advertising campaign, a luxurious tower that would reflect his own personal wealth and the success of his five-and-dime stores. Perhaps viewing himself as an heir to the great merchant princes of medieval Italy, Woolworth sought bold architecture and economic advantage, including rental income from tenants. Woolworth hired the architect Cass Gilbert, then known primarily for his Beaux-Arts style civic buildings and art museums, to turn this dream into reality.

World’s Tallest

Woolworth Building under construction, 1912 (photo: Bain News Service , Library of Congress)

Gilbert utilized the most advanced steel-frame construction techniques of the time allowing the Woolworth to sound 57 stories to 792 feet — the world’s tallest building until 1930.

In contrast to the relative horizontality of Chicago skyscrapers and the sharp divisions between base and tower of earlier New York skyscrapers like the Singer Building (1908), every aspect of the Woolworth’s composition and decoration is oriented up, creating a continuous vertical thrust.

The tower sits flush on the Broadway side of the large V-shaped block that contains City Hall Park. This means you can view Woolworth from a distance and see its full height with an unobstructed view, rare in such a densely built area. The result is that the tower seems to move endlessly upwards. The building’s white-glazed terra-cotta tiles accentuate the piers that run from base to top with few interruptions from cornices or the window spandrels.

Terra-cotta decorations on the facade (detail), Cass Gilbert, Woolworth Building, 1913 (New York City) (photo: Michael Daddino , CC BY 2.0)

Gargoyles

The building’s decorative neo-Gothic program only adds to this sense of monumentality. On the exterior, ornate sculptural arches, finials, and gargoyles over-scaled enough to be read from street-level, refer directly to European medieval architecture, and draw the eye towards the heavens in the same manner as a High Gothic cathedral.

Woolworth building interior, postcard


Inside the building’s barrel-vaulted lobby, walls covered with lavish mosaics and stained glass allude to even earlier examples of Christian art and architecture. Yet, as contemporary critics noted, the Woolworth was a tribute not to religion, but to capitalism.

The form of the New York skyscraper would soon shift again with a 1916 zoning law. This regulation used a building’s “footprint” to ensure that sunlight and breezes would reach the city’s narrow streets far below. The � Setback Law” led to the “wedding cake” massing and streamlined style of the Chrysler Building (1930) and Rockefeller Center’s RCA Building (1933), among many others. Just as with Woolworth, skyscrapers continue to serve as important symbols for the corporations that commissioned them.


New York’s Woolworth Building: The Original Cathedral Of Commerce

When conversation begins to lean towards the topic of the tallest buildings in New York City, legendary skyscrapers such as The Word Trade Center, The Empire State Building, The Chrysler Building and the former Pan Am building now named the Met Life Building are often brought to the forefront of the conversation. However, there was a time when a building often ignored as one of the tallest, named The Woolworth Building, stood not only as the tallest building in New York City, but also the entire world.

The spectacular and grand looking Woolworth Building was commissioned to be built by Frank Winfield Woolworth in the early twentieth century. Frank Winfield Woolworth was an American businessman who had made a fortunate in the retail business with his concept of the 5 and 10 cent store (often referred to as the five and dime) named Woolworths. The business tycoon hired architect Cass Gilbert of the firm, McKim, Mead & White to build his magnificent building. Frank Winfield Woolworth told the firm that he wanted a building that would echo the majesty of London, England’s House of Parliament. However, he also wanted the top of the building to be built with a Gothic flare in White Terra Cotta. The result was a building of which had never been seen before in both height, elegance, and design.[1]

The Woolworth Building was built directly across from City Hall Park. The land it was built on stood at the corner of Broadway and Park Place in the borough of Manhattan. The Woolworth Building was completed in 1913 one year before the start of World War I in Europe. Frank Winfield Woolworth paid thirteen million dollars to have his building erected. However, a good portion of that thirteen million also went towards the acquisition of the land in which the building was erected on.

When the Woolworth Building was completed in 1913. It stood as the tallest building in the world. While some may seem not impressed by the fact that it was only fifty five floors and seven hundred and ninety two feet tall, it was indeed an extraordinary accomplishment for the time period. In the 1910’s and most of the 1920’s when one looked across the skyline of New York City, on could not escape the grand view of the Woolworth Building. For sixteen years the Woolworth Building stood as the tallest building in New York City until the year 1929. That famous year which signaled the start of the Great Depression as the stock markets crashed around the world also signified the completion of the Chrysler Building which would take away The Woolworth Building’s title as the tallest building in the world.

The history of The Woolworth Building is not just fueled by the building’s record setting height, but also the amenities designed within the building that had for the most part not been done before. When the Woolworth Building was completed in 1913, Frank Woolworth was able to celebrate moving his offices into a building that was completely self-sufficient. As I sit here writing this article in the dark with a flashlight, pen, paper and the use of my large library books as my references because of a power outage caused by a hurricane, I yearn for what Frank Winfield Woolworth had built into his new building an independent power plant.

The Woolworth Building was a wonder for the times it was built in. Not only did the building utilize its own power plant, it was also air conditioned, which was not a luxury found in many New York City Buildings during the early 1900s. Even more grand for the times was the fact that the Woolworth Building also contained a large swimming pool. There was also a doctor’s office and barber. It was a building meant to house the titans of business by offering facilities they could not find in any other New York city building while celebrating bragging rights as tenants of the grandest building in the world. It was impressive in as many ways as you could count. Even the construction of the building was ahead of its times as some of the engineering utilized in fortifying the building was the same engineering used in strengthening bridges. As the Woolworth Building would become the tallest building in the world, every effort went into making it one of the safest.

Those who entered the Woolworth Building for the first time were completely blown away by the building’s imposing lobby. Patrons were greeted by an imposing three story arcade entrance. The lobby was filled with custom made marble and surrounded by stained glass, mosaics and murals. There were also two large frescos labeled Labor and Commerce inside the lobby. It was a spectacular lobby that welcomed not only business people to celebrate the glory of it, but also the general public. The grandeur of it all helped the building earn the nickname “The Cathedral of Commerce. That name was given to the Woolworth building by the famous preacher of the times the Reverend Samuel Parks Cadman. [2] On the day the building opened, the Reverend Samuel Parks spoke at the opening ceremonies famously saying about the skyscraper concept of the Woolworth Building, “ It does not scrape the sky, it greets it.”[3]

The opening of the Woolworth Building in New York City was viewed through the eyes of the American Experience as more than just a symbol of American Business. The Woolworth Building defined the growth of a Nation that was less than a hundred and fifty years old at the time. The building was such a symbol of the success of American commerce, ingenuity and development that an American President (Woodrow Wilson ) turned on a switch at 7.30 pm on April 24, 1913 from The White House that turned on eighty thousand lights in the Woolworth Building on its grand opening day.

In 1998, the Woolworth building was sold. Along with the end of the famous Woolworth’s chain of stores, a chapter in American history moved on to a new owner, A building that once stood as the tallest in the world in 2020, no linger even ranks in the top 200.

Photo: Ludovic Bertron from New York City, Usa / CC BY (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)

[1]Fenske, G. (2014). The skyscraper and the city: The Woolworth Building and the making of modern New York. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

.[2]Morrone, F., & Rajs, J. (2015). New York City landmarks. Woodbridge: Antique Collectors’ Club.p 50

[3] Burns, R., Sanders, J., & Ades, L. (2005). New York: An illustrated history. New York: Alfred A Knopf. P.293


The Woolworth Building and its iconic green roof have been a defining part of the NYC skyline for 106 years. Take a look inside its most expensive listing, a $30 million condo.

The 106-year-old Woolworth Building is one of New York City's most historic and iconic towers.

The 792-foot tower was the tallest building in the world for 17 years, from its completion in 1913 until 1930, at which point the Chrysler Building overtook it.

Originally developed by the F.W. Woolworth Company as an office building, the Woolworth Building was nicknamed the "Cathedral of Commerce" and housed tenants such as Nikola Tesla and the Manhattan Project.

Today, while the lower 28 floors remain offices, Alchemy Properties now owns floors 29 and up and transformed them into 32 luxury residences over the course of a five-year, multimillion-dollar renovation. The restoration work on the exterior alone cost $22 million.

We got inside the building for a tour of one of these residences: Pavilion A, a $29.85 million condo that's the most expensive unit currently listed in the building. When the building's 9,680-square-foot penthouse is finished, Pavilion A will be the second-most expensive condo in the building.

Joshua Judge, Stan Ponte, and Tate Kelly of Sotheby's International Realty hold the listing.

Take a look inside the Woolworth's Building Pavilion A, which spans 6,711 interior square feet and comes with two terraces.


Interesting facts about the Woolworth Building

The Woolworth Building is an early US skyscraper.

It is located at 233 Broadway, Manhattan, New York City.

The Woolworth Building was designed in the Neo-Gothic style by architect Cass Gilbert.

It is a 60-story skyscraper, rising 241.5 meters (792 feet) above street.

The original site for the building was purchased by F. W. Woolworth and his real estate agent Edward J. Hogan by April 15, 1910 for US$1.65 million.

The building was constructed between 1910 and 1912. The construction cost was US$13.5 million.

The building opened on April 24, 1913, when President Woodrow Wilson pressed a button in Washington, D. C. that first illuminated the more than 5,000 windows in the Woolworth Building.

It was the tallest building in the world until the construction of 40 Wall Street in 1930.

The building’s white-glazed terra-cotta tiles accentuate the piers that run from base to top with few interruptions from cornices or the window spandrels.

The building’s decorative neo-Gothic program only adds to this sense of monumentality. On the exterior, ornate sculptural arches, finials, and gargoyles over-scaled enough to be read from street-level, refer directly to European medieval architecture, and draw the eye towards the heavens in the same manner as a High Gothic cathedral.

The ornate, cruciform lobby, is “one of the most spectacular of the early 20th century in New York City”. It is covered in Skyros veined marble, has a vaulted ceiling, mosaics, a stained-glass ceiling light and bronze fittings.

The high-speed elevators were innovative, and the building’s high office-to-elevator ratio made the structure profitable.

The Woolworth Building is one of the 100 tallest buildings in the United States as well as one of the 30 tallest buildings in New York City.

It has been a National Historic Landmark since 1966, and a New York City Landmark since 1983.

At the building’s completion, the F. W. Woolworth Company occupied only one and a half floors of the building, but, as the owner, profited from renting space out to others, including the Irving National Exchange Bank and Columbia Records.

During World War II, the Kellex Corporation, part of the Manhattan Project to develop nuclear weapons, was based here.

In August 2012, The New York Times reported that an investment group led by Alchemy Properties, a New York developer, bought the top 30 floors of the landmark on July 31 for $68 million from the Witkoff Group and Cammeby’s International. The firm plans to renovate the space into luxury apartments and convert the penthouse into a five-level living space. The lower 28 floors are still owned by the Witkoff Group and Cammeby International, who plan to lease them as office space. The project will cost approximately $150 million, according to the article, including its $68 million purchase price.

The Lincoln American Tower in Memphis, Tennessee, built in 1924, is a small replica of the building, standing at one-third its height.

In the Disney film Enchanted (2007), the building is the site of the film’s grand climax.

In the opening scenes of Cloverfield (2008), the building is seen collapsing after Clover critically damages it, causing a dust cloud to flood through nearby streets.

In Baz Luhrmann’s film adaptation of The Great Gatsby (2013), Nick Carraway works in the building as a stock broker for Chase. An early scene shows a spectacular tilt down from the top of the building.

In the movie Fantastic Beasts And Where To Find Them (2016), the Magical Congress of the United States of America is concealed from No-Maj view inside the building itself.

List of site sources >>>


Watch the video: Woolworths MFC 2021 (January 2022).