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27 December 1944

27 December 1944



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27 December 1944

December 1944

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War at Sea


Crew of U-877 in the Water

German submarine U-877 sunk off the Azores by the corvette HMCS St Thomas

Western Front

Battle of the Bulge: US tanks open a corridor to Bastogne

Eastern Front

Soviet forces surround Budapest



The arrest of Sewell Avery, carried out by National Guardsmen for illegally refusing to recognize his 7,000 workers' union. As he passed the Attorney General, he shouted: "To hell with the government. You New Dealer!" Dec. 27, 1944 [1240x714]

"We had to struggle with the old enemies of peace--business and financial monopoly, speculation, reckless banking, class antagonism, sectionalism, war profiteering.

They had begun to consider the Government of the United States as a mere appendage to their own affairs. We know now that Government by organized money is just as dangerous as Government by organized mob.

Never before in all our history have these forces been so united against one candidate as they stand today. They are unanimous in their hate for me--and I welcome their hatred."

-Franklin Roosevelt's Address Announcing the Second New Deal October 31, 1936

During World War II, Avery repeatedly opposed actions of Roosevelt's National War Labor Board and opposed labor unions. He resisted signing a contract after a union had won representation for 7,000 of Montgomery Ward's employees until twice ordered by Roosevelt. When Avery refused to settle a strike in 1944, endangering the delivery of essential goods, Roosevelt's administration used emergency measures to remove him from office and temporarily seize the company in April 1944 two National Guard men had to pick him up by an arm each and carry him out of his office. Avery yelled at the Attorney General, who had flown to meet with him and try to avert a showdown, “To hell with the government, you. New Dealer!” Following the government's seizure of Montgomery Ward, Avery was asked his plans. He said:

". the government has been coercing both employers and employees to accept a brand of unionism which in all too many cases is engineered by people who are not employees of the plant. these devices. only appear to make workers free to choose. are a disguise for leading the nation into a government of dictators."

Soon back in charge of the retail company, Avery read widely on business. Fearing more depression after World War II, which had usually followed wars, he misread the postwar economy. Demand and available private money fed a rise in the retail business for durable goods. He continued his bearish position under the Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower administrations. Unlike Sears, Avery resisted pension plans, insurance and profit sharing with employees he refused to spend money on company expansion. Soon Sears far outperformed Montgomery Ward by 1951 it had more than double the business volume and had surpassed Montgomery Ward in retail stores, while Avery was prepared to weather a depression. Even after Avery resigned in 1954 as president, MW never regained its former position.


27 December 1944 - History


Displayed below
" on this webpage "
are the Last Names Beginning with:

For Last Names Beginning with:


" OR " use the " Quick Link by first letter of Last Name " chart shown below !


( All weblinks within this document are "Blue" )

INCLUDING: Ships, Army & Marine Divisions

  1. Click on their online memorial.
  2. Click on the "Edit" tab in the upper right hand corner of their memorial.
  3. Then click on the "Suggest a correction or provide additional information" and type the information and/or updates in the box supplied.

( Fellow Veteran )
For his great photos and info for the Epinal American Cemetery, France
" and " record updates " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide ! "

" Anne Cady "
For her great help locating burials
" and " record updates " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide ! "

" Bill Blake "
For his great help in finding & posting Articles and photos for Erie County !

" Bruce & Debbie Almeida "

( Fellow Veteran )
For their great help with photos at the National Memorial in Hawaii !

" Clarence J. Geiger, Jr. "

( Fellow Veteran )
For his help taking "Great" photos in Erie County !

" Eric Ackerman "
For all his great research work " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide ! "

" Fred aka FRH "
For his great help with photos, records and research For New York State !

" Janice Hollandsworth "
For her great help locating burials
" and " record updates " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide ! "

" Jay Boone "
For his great help with photos and record updates for Erie County !

" John Dowdy "
For his great help with the Army Air Force, locating burials
" and " flight crew reports " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide ! "

" Tim Cook "
For his great help with the Army Air Force, locating burials, taking photos,
" and " flight crew reports " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide ! "

" Shaneo "

( Fellow Veteran )
For his great help locating burials
" and " record updates " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide ! "


Key to below " Abbreviations and Notes "

AM = Awarded the " Air Medal "

( For meritorious achievement while participating in aerial flight, a single act of merit, heroism, or meritorious service. )
AM + = ( Awarded " Multiple - Air Medal's " )

BS = Awarded the " Bronze Star "

( 4th highest award for bravery, heroism or meritorious service )
BS + = Awarded " multiple " Bronze Star's "

B-CDG = Awarded the " Croix de Guerre "

( Awarded by Belgium to soldiers for bravery or other military virtue on the battlefield )

F-CDG = Awarded the " Croix de Guerre "

( Awarded by France to soldiers who distinguished themselves by acts of heroism involving combat )

DFC = Awarded the " Distinguished Flying Cross "

( Awarded for heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight )

DSC = Awarded the " Distinguished Service Cross "

( " Second Highest Award " for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force )

DSM = Awarded the " Distinguished Service Medal "

( Awarded for Exceptionally meritorious service in a duty of great responsibility )

LOM = Awarded the " Legion Of Merit "

( Awarded for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements to all military branches )

MM = Awarded the " Mariner's Medal "

( Awarded to the Merchant Marines for being wounded, Missing or Killed In Action )
MM * = Awarded the " Mariner's Medal & Combat Bar "

( Awarded to those who are under combat conditions )
MM ** = Awarded the " Mariner's Medal, Combat Bar & Combat Star "

( Awarded to those who are forced to abandon ship when attacked or damaged )
MM-POW = Awarded the " Mariner's Prisoner Of War Medal "

( Awarded for " Mariner's who were held as POW's " )
MM-DSM = Awarded the " Mariner's Distinguished Service Medal "

( Awarded for " Heroism Beyond the Call of Duty " )
MM-MSM = Awarded the " Merchant Marine Meritorious Service Medal "

( Awarded to the Merchant Marines for conduct or service of a meritorious nature )

MOH = Awarded the " Medal Of Honor "

( " Highest Military Award ", awarded for personal acts of valor above and beyond the call of duty. )

NC = Awarded the " Navy Cross "

( 2nd highest military decoration for valor that may be awarded to a member of the United States Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, or U.S. Coast Guard )

PH = Awarded the " Purple Heart "

( Awarded for being wounded in action and/or " Killed In Action " )
PH + = ( Awarded " Multiple - Purple Heart's " )

POW = Awarded the " Prisoner Of War Medal "

PUC = Awarded a " Presidential Unit Citation "

SM = Awarded the " Soldier's Medal "

( Awarded for distinguished heroism not involving actual conflict with an enemy )
SS = Awarded the " Silver Star "

( " Third Highest Award ", awarded for gallantry in action )

Other Medals = Such as Good Conduct Medals, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medals, American Defense Service Medals, etc. " Are Not " included in this listing.

= Picture of person shown on online memorial.

= Picture of tombstone " or " memorial listing shown on online memorial.

Cenotaph = A memorial listing only " or " remains not recovered " or " possibly interred somewhere unknown.

N/A = ( in awards field ) = Not currently applicable

N/A = ( in photo field ) = " Not currently available or not applicable "

Those Included on this listing:

Died during the war - " DECEMBER 7, 1941 " through " SEPTEMBER 2, 1945 " .
Others have been included that died after the war due to illness or injuries from the war.


Best of the OLL BOLL 67: John Stuart Mill "The Difficulties of Socialism" (1879)

This is part of “The Best of the Online Library of Liberty” which is a collection of some of the most important material in the OLL. A thematic list with links to HTML versions of the texts is available here. This chapter comes from posthumously published articles on socialism which appeared in 1879 and which is included in the The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, Volume V.


List of Speakers of the House

1 Resigned from the House of Representatives on January 19, 1814.

2 Elected Speaker on January 19, 1814, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Speaker Henry Clay.

3 Resigned as Speaker of the House of Representatives on October 28, 1820.

4 Elected Speaker on November 15, 1820, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Speaker Henry Clay.

5 Resigned from the House of Representatives on March 6, 1825, to serve as Secretary of State in the presidential administration of John Quincy Adams of Massachusetts.

6 Resigned from the House of Representatives on June 2, 1834.

7 Elected Speaker on June 2, 1834, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Speaker Andrew Stevenson.

8 Was not a candidate for renomination to the House of Representatives in 1868, having become the Republican nominee for Vice President and successfully elected to that office.

9 Elected Speaker on March 3, 1869, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Speaker Schuyler Colfax, and served one day.

10 Died in office, August 19, 1876.

11 Elected Speaker on December 4, 1876, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Speaker Michael Kerr.

12 Died in office, August 19, 1934.

13 Died in office, June 4, 1936.

14 Elected Speaker on June 4, 1936, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Speaker Joseph Byrns.

15 Died in office, September 15, 1940.

16 Elected Speaker on September 16, 1940, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Speaker William Bankhead.

17 Died in office, November 16, 1961.

18 Elected Speaker on January 10, 1962, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Speaker Samuel Rayburn.

19 Resigned as Speaker of the House of Representatives on June 6, 1989.

20 Elected Speaker on June 6, 1989, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Speaker James Wright, Jr.

21 John Boehner resigned as Speaker of the House on October 29, 2015.

22 Paul D. Ryan was elected Speaker on October 29, 2015, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Speaker John Boehner.


Footnotes

Regimental Charter authorized by the Minister of Militia and Defence on 10 August 1914 and Report of the Committee of the Privy Council, PC 2112 dated 14 August 1914.

Ralph Hodder-Williams, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry 1914-1919, (London, 1923), p. 13. The unit also sent reinforcing drafts overseas on 20 January 1915, 29 May 1915 (38th "Overseas" Battalion draft), 29 June 1915, 4 September 1915, 27 November 1915 and 5 April 1915 (CEF Sailing List, vol. I).

War Diary, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, LAC, RG 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4911, File 346.

Ralph Hodder-Williams, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry 1914-1919, (London, 1923), passim . and War Diary, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, LAC, RG 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4911, File 347.

John E. Skuce, Canada's Soldiers in Siberia, (Ottawa, 1990), pp. 54-120.

Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 260th Battalion, Document Collection 74/672, Series IV, Box 13, Folder 260.

GO 135/39. On 1 September 1939, all corps, units and detachments of the Permanent Force were embodied in the Canadian Active Service Force.

G.R. Stevens, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry 1919-1957, (Montreal, 1957), p. 22.

Lieutenant-Colonel G.W.L. Nicholson, The Canadians in Italy, 1943-45, (Ottawa, 1957), passim .

G.R. Stevens, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry 1919-1957, (Montreal, 1957), passim .

GO 241/45. The Canadian units formed for the Pacific theatre of operations were organized and equipped the same as the American army. The unit was part of the '2nd Canadian Infantry Regiment'.

Lieutenant-Colonel Herbert Fairlie Wood, Strange Battleground, (Ottawa, 1966), passim .


From 1907 to 1911 the National Prohibitionist was the official organ of the Prohibition Party, an influential “third party” of the Progressive Era. The Progressive Era produced at least twenty “third” parties, and the Prohibition Party was among the more influential, certainly the most enduring…[read more]

The Fenian Brotherhood, a secret society of Irish nationalists, founded the Chicago Irish Republic in 1867. At the time, Chicago had the fourth largest Irish population in the United States and was considered a “hotbed” of militant Fenianism: for example, in 1864 the Chicago Fenians tried to declare war on England in 1865 and 1866 they attempted armed invasions of Canada…[read more]


Steph Curry becomes third player in NBA history to make 2,500 career 3-pointers

Although he has struggled to find his rhythm from long distance to start the season, Steph Curry made history from beyond the arc against the Chicago Bulls.

With a 3 in the first quarter against the Bulls, Golden State’s point guard became the third player in NBA history to reach 2,500 made 3-pointers in his career. Curry joined a sharpshooting group of Hall of Famers Reggie Miller and Ray Allen.

With 2,500 3s on his resume, Curry needs 60 more makes to pass Allen on the all-time 3-pointers made list. The closest active player behind Curry is Houston’s James Harden at No. 5 with 2,330. JJ Redick (1,891), LeBron James (1,881), Klay Thompson (1,798) and Damian Lillard (1,781) are featured in the top 20.

Congrats to @StephenCurry30 of the @warriors for becoming the third player in NBA history to make 2,500 three-pointers! pic.twitter.com/za234UejBX

&mdash NBA (@NBA) December 28, 2020

Over Curry’s career, the six-time All-Star has shot 43.4% from beyond the arc on 8.2 attempts per game. The two-time Most Valuable Player has registered seasons with 402, 354 and 324 3-pointers made.

Watch Curry’s historic 3-pointer from the first quarter of Golden State’s tilt against Chicago via @warriors on Twitter:


Botany

**While the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History exhibition spaces will partially open to the public on June 18th, our collections remain closed to most staff and all researchers, and the museum’s COVID-19 loan moratorium remains in effect. Currently, there is no capacity to accommodate collections activities including visits, image requests, loans, and shipments. While there is no current date set for when on-site collections activities will resume, we will update as soon as this changes.**

The United States National Herbarium was founded in 1848, when the first collections were accessioned from the United States Exploring Expedition (50,000 specimens of 10,000 species). Current holdings total 5 million specimens, making this collection among the ten largest in the world representing about 8% of the plant collection resources of the United States. The herbarium is especially rich in type specimens (@110,000).

Women of the US National Herbarium

Further Your Research

The plant collections of the Department of Botany are among the most important worldwide. This vast and intensely managed collection of over 5 million specimens represents a premier national and international resource.


How the new system works

Under the new law, first offenders under 0.15 don't have to wait months to get their license restored. They can visit the Motor Vehicle Commission immediately after their conviction and begin the process of getting their license restored.

The MVC maintains a list of authorized ignition interlock vendors and service centers that are certified to install them. The driver leases the device from the vendor for about $75 a month and also pays for installation. That generally runs about $150 but can be as high as $400, depending on the make of the car.

Once the car is moving, the device randomly prompts the driver to blow into it. If alcohol is detected during the retest, the engine will keep running, and the device will give the driver time to pull off the road and park.

The device records every breath test and stores the data. The driver must bring the interlock back to the installer every two months so the machine can be calibrated, at which time the data is downloaded and sent to the state.

Richard Cowen covers Superior Court in Passaic County for NorthJersey.com. For unlimited access to the most important news from criminal trials to local lawsuits and insightful analysis, please subscribe or activate your digital account today.


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