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Zumbi dos Palmares was born in the state of Alagoas in the year 1655. He was one of the main representatives of the black resistance to slavery in Colonial Brazil.
He was leader of Quilombo dos Palmares, a free community formed by fugitive slaves from the farms. Quilombo dos Palmares was located in the Serra da Barriga region, which is currently part of the municipality of União dos Palmares (Alagoas). At the time when Zombie was a leader, Quilombo dos Palmares reached a population of approximately thirty thousand inhabitants. In the quilombos, black people lived free according to their culture, producing everything they needed to live.
Although born free, he was captured when he was about seven years old. Delivered to a Catholic priest, received the baptism and earned the name of Francis. He learned the Portuguese language and the Catholic religion, even helping the priest in celebrating Mass. However, at the age of 15, he returned to live in the quilombo.
In the year 1675, the quilombo was attacked by Portuguese soldiers. Zombie helps in defense and stands out as a great warrior. After a bloody battle, Portuguese soldiers are forced to retire to the city of Recife. Three years later, the governor of the province of Pernambuco approaches leader Ganga Zumba to try a deal, Zumbi opposes the deal, because he did not allow the freedom of the quilombolas, while the blacks of the farms would remain imprisoned.
In 1680, at the age of 25, Zombie becomes leader of the Palmares Quilombo, commanding resistance against the government tops. During his “government” the community grows and strengthens, obtaining several victories against the Portuguese soldiers. Zombie leader shows great skill in planning and organizing the quilombo, as well as courage and military knowledge.
The bandeirante Domingos Jorge Velho organizes, in the year 1694, a great attack on the Quilombo dos Palmares. After an intense battle, Monkey, the quilombo headquarters, is totally destroyed. Wounded, Zombie manages to escape, but is betrayed by an old companion and handed over the troops of the Girl Scout. At 40 years of age, was slaughtered on November 20, 1695.
Zombie is considered one of the great leaders of our history. Symbol of resistance and struggle against slavery, fought for freedom of worship, religion and practice of African culture in Colonial Brazil. The day of his death, November 20, is remembered and celebrated throughout the national territory as the Black conscience day.