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Marshal Luis Alves de Lima and Silva, "Duke of Caxias" (1803-1880)
Born in São Paulo Farm, Porto de Estrela Village, in Baixada Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro.
On November 22, 1808, he settled as a cadet in the 1st Infantry Regiment, later joining the Royal Military Academy.
Lieutenant, he joined the newly created Emperor's Battalion as a Helper with him receiving the baptism of fire on May 3, 1823, in the struggles for independence in Bahia, when he could reveal exceptional qualities of initiative, command, intelligence and bravery.
As Captain, he also participated, with the Emperor's Battalion, in the Cisplatina Campaign.
In 02 Dec 1839, already Colonel, began to embody the halo of Peacemaker and Symbol of Nationality, being appointed President of the Province of Maranhão and Commander-General of Forces in Operations, to counter the "Balaiada", after which he received the title. de Barão de Caxias and the promotion to Brigadeiro.
He also pacified Sao Paulo and Minas Gerais in 1842, which is why he was promoted to a field marshal.
At the end of 1842, he was appointed President and Commander-in-Chief of the Army in operations in Rio Grande do Sul to fight the eight-year-old Farroupilha Revolution, and at the end of which he was hired as Field Marshal, elected Senator by Rio Grande do Sul and distinguished with the title of Count.
In 1851, he is again appointed President and Commander-in-Chief of the Southern Army, this time to fight against Oribe in Uruguay, and shortly thereafter against Rosas in Argentina. Victorious once again, he was promoted to Lieutenant General and elevated to the dignity of Marquis.
On 16 Jun 1855, he was Minister of War and, in 1856, President of the Council of Ministers, both for the first time.
On 10 October 1866, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Forces of the Empire in operations against Paraguay's dictator Lopez's troops, being held at the rank of Army Marshal, assuming, on 10 Feb 1867, the General Command. forces in operations to replace General Miter of Argentina. This is followed by a series of resounding victories in Itororó, Avai and Lomas Valentinas, the surrender of Angustura and the entry into Asuncion, when he considered the glorious Campaign he commanded to end. "For the relevant services in the Paraguayan War," the Emperor granted him the title of Duke on 23 Mar 1869.
Caxias was Minister of War and President of the Council of Ministers twice, the last from 1875 to 1878. He died at Santa Monica Farm, near Vassouras Municipality - RJ, his body being taken to Rio and buried in the Cemetery. from Catumbi.
Colonel Onofre Saucer of Silveira Corner (1799-1844)
It fought with the Regiment of Cavalry of Militias of Porto Alegre for the Integrity of Rio Grande do Sul, in the wars against Artigas - in 1816 and 1821 -, and for Brazil, in the Cisplatina War (1825-28).
In the Farroupilha Revolution was one of the most active and active colonels. It was up to him to command the forces that started the Farroupilha Revolution on the night of September 19, 1835, with the victorious meeting of Ponte da Azenha that created conditions for the conquest of Porto Alegre, on September 20, 1835, with its entry into it. of the political-military leader of the revolution, and his cousin, Colonel Bento Gonçalves da Silva.
Fate wanted Onofre Pires to die on March 3, 1844 - a year after the end of the Revolution - victim of a right forearm injury he received from Bento Gonçalves during their duel at the Army Camp on the banks from the Sarandi River, on February 27, 1844, in Santana do Livramento.